Water sensitive urban design is the concept of planning the use and reuse of water in urban areas to minimize the ill effects on this finite and precious resource. This is a design concept that has been developed by urban engineers to put storm water, ground water and waste water in cities to better use. The water supply in urban areas is usually not enough to meet the demands of the entire city. This water shortage crisis can be reduced in some measure if the water cycles of the urban areas learn to integrate the naturally occurring storm water and ground water and the artificially managed waste water available in the geographical location.
Water sensitive urban design is also known as WSUD. It hopes to make land planning and water usage in urban areas more practical and economically sustainable. This concept also uses sustainable urban drainage systems to maintain a low impact development process in urban areas. There is a huge difference in the water cycle in arable areas and those which have industrial development. WSUD addresses these differences enabling engineers to plan cities and townships which are more self reliant in water management thereby ensuring that these cities do not suffer from lack of water.
One of the many materials which are used in this process of water management is sustainable concrete. Concrete is the most widely used material in construction in the world. In fact it is the second most important material to consider after water when planning any urban development project for engineers. Sustainable concrete is concrete which minimizes the harm done to the environment at the same time lasts for a long time and provides value to the user. The imprint of human activity on the planet is already being felt and the implications may not be obvious yet for many years. However the way we use the resources of the planet today will affect the condition in which the future generations receive the planet.
Since concrete does not allow water to seep away and get wasted, using concrete or porous paving Melbourne in the urban areas and drains is a good way to control the flow of both surface water derived from rains and waste water generated through human use. The technological advance in precast concrete allows engineers to pave an entire street in less than half the time it took about a decade ago.
Landscaping is more aesthetic as the precast concrete tiles come in a variety of shapes and designs. Plus the high sustainability of the durable material ensures that with a few minor repairs the paved areas can be maintained for a long time frame.
Additionally the ability to produce concrete paved gullies to ensure proper stormwater management also helps reduce wastage of water that can be recycled and put to better use. The rain water, or melted snow, or even the water runoff from lawns can all be used to replenish ground water that supplies the urban area water. This helps sustain the aquifers that supply water for human needs by replenishing them periodically. By facilitating the correct drainage of the storm water, a valuable and precious resource is allowed to restock itself without much effort on part of the human population. This is what water sensitive urban design achieves.